Sometimes it feels like it requires a fortune to get into food photography. By purchasing cheaper items and re-purposing other items, you can get a pretty good set of surfaces.
Contact paper is gold. Marble is HEAVY and expensive. Contact paper is cheap and goes on any surface. It makes things look like real marble. (Only you will know it's fake lol.) Below are a few of my favorites:
Pro tip: Get cheap-o TV trays and cover the top with contact paper. You can use this to photograph flat lays.
These are not the best for cutting, but they're great for presenting food. When you can't find contact paper in a texture you want, check if there's a glass cutting board in that texture.
Wooden Cutting Board
A cheap wooden board is perfect for photographing contrasting color food. You can play around with different shades and textures. You can do a multi-colored wood or white washed wood or a dark wood or a light wood. Sometimes the higher quality wood cutting boards tend to be more expensive.
For contact paper marble textures you can't find, you can usually find a cheap marble cutting board, like this. I usually keep an eye out for them at Home Goods and Marshalls. I usually avoid marble boards because they're super heavy and take up a lot of space. Regardless, they look really nice.
For lighting, I try to use natural light with a reflector. When I don't have that, I use a 3 point lighting set up.
If you like this post, you may like the "Best Camera for Food Photography" post.